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Will rise of VMware Integrated OpenStack lead to demise of vCD?

VMware has two cloud platform products that appear to duplicate development efforts. Which one has the best chance of survival?

Does it make sense to develop your own cloud automation product when you are a major contributor to an open-source cloud automation product?

VMware's vCloud Director (vCD) and the VMware Integrated OpenStack (VIO) are both cloud platform products. The product management teams at the company must be asking themselves whether developing both makes any sense. They are smart people so I suspect that they had this conversation a year ago.

It appears VMware has been putting far more effort into developing VIO than vCD. It makes sense that VIO is likely to replace vCD as the cloud platform for VMware powered clouds.

Management is key in multi-tenancy

These cloud automation platforms are used by service providers. They allow service providers to build a public cloud to host workloads from multiple customers. We refer to these multi-tenant environments.

A public cloud must provide isolation between customers since the customers may be competitors. Cloud providers want to use the same pool of resource to service multiple customers. They gain economies of scale and achieve high utilization. The cloud platform must have isolation built into every layer from the networking up to the user portal. Building this segregation into a product is complex. It requires multiple management interfaces for the cloud platform. The tenant needs an interface to manage the workloads. The provider must be able to manage the entire underlying infrastructure.

Another critical part is that VMware needs to keep its OpenStack open. Historically, VMware would never integrate with anyone else's product. That seems to be changing.

Isolation is not just between different tenants but also between the tenant and the provider. The cloud provider must not be able to see inside the tenants workloads. A private cloud doesn't usually require the same degree of separation as it serves only one organization.

Redundant efforts?

Both VIO and vCD are cloud automation platforms VMware develops and supports. This seems like a duplication of effort that VMware would want to avoid.

I don't think the change will actually be a push from VMware, I suspect it will be a pull from the cloud providers. Many cloud providers have multiple cloud products with different technologies, service levels and costs. Oftentimes, a provider will build its own portal to aggregate cloud products into a single marketplace. If all of the cloud products were to use a single automation platform, then the job of building the marketplace gets much simpler.

Using OpenStack as the common platform for the different cloud products could be a huge benefit for cloud providers. OpenStack supports KVM-based virtualization and bare metal compute natively. There are options to have OpenStack manage a Hyper-V based virtualization. VMware is adding vSphere to the compute platforms that can be managed by OpenStack. It might be possible to have a single OpenStack implementation managing resources from the three top virtualization platforms.

How can VMware make VIO suitable for cloud providers?

One of the first things service providers want is scale. An enterprise deployment of vSphere might have hundreds of ESXi servers and thousands of VMs. A large cloud deployment may well have thousands of hosts and tens of thousands of VMs. A single virtual appliance is never going to be the right solution to manage this scale. There must be a way to scale the appliance out and cluster it. This will also provide the availability that cloud providers need. The tenant portal of a public cloud should never go down.

Another critical part is that VMware needs to keep its OpenStack open. Historically, VMware would never integrate with anyone else's product. That seems to be changing; for example, Workspace Portal integrates with Citrix server farms. VMware must allow VIO to manage compute that isn't ESXi. Locking out OpenStack's ability to manage KVM, Hyper-V and bare metal will turn service providers and customers off the product.

What about vRealize Automation?

VMware's vRealize Automation, formerly known as vCenter Automation Center (vCAC), is also a cloud automation product but it is not designed for multi-tenant use; vRA is used to build an in-house cloud and make this cloud available to business units within an organization. The isolation required between business units is far less than what is required between tenants in a public cloud. The wider purpose of vRA is to be a broker of clouds, allowing the business unit to run some workloads on an internal cloud and others on public clouds.

I don't think it makes any sense for VMware to develop and support two cloud platforms. Embracing OpenStack as the management platform for vSphere based clouds would be a very smart move. I hope we see a great OpenStack implementation from VMware. One that is scalable and open. One that can be used for private clouds and for public clouds. Whether this comes to pass remains to be seen but I hope for an OpenStack future.

Next Steps

Install VMware vCloud Director in your home lab

Your guide through the cloud automation platform options

Every cloud management platform is different – but all have same benefits

This was last published in March 2015

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Would you prefer VMware continue to develop both VMware Integrated OpenStack and vCloud Director – or concentrate on one?
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In a perfect world, it would be great if VMware could concentrate on both, as both have different uses and appeal to different groups. The issue is, budgets always seem to get restricted, and staff is pulled in different directions. So the feasibility of supporting both probably won't work in the long term. If that does end up being the case, my personal preference would be to see more focus on the integrated OpenStack support.
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It's not so much a question of VIO vs. vCD, it's vRealize vs vCD, since VIO is essentially a "feature" of an Enterprise-centric stack that's focused on either OpenStack or vSphere as the underlying scheduler. vCD is only targeted at Service Providers. 
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There seems to be a mistaken assumption in this article. It says "A single virtual appliance is never going to be the right solution to manage this scale. ". Its important to understand that VMware Integrated OpenStack is downloaded as a single virtual appliance, but when the user uses it to install OpenStack, it installs OpenStack as a scale-out and fully redundant set of a 10+ virtual machines. This means that even with 1.0, VMware Integrated OpenStack can already handle hundreds of servers and thousands of VMs.
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No. They are trying to serve two different strategies for VMware. VIO is there for someone in the Enterprise that wants access to OpenStack APIs and didn't want to deal with a smaller vendor. vCD is still the basis of vCloud Air and vCloud Network, targeting Service Providers. 
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